To set up payroll, the organisation must register with HMRC as an employer (link below) and submit payroll information monthly or quarterly to HMRC, along with the payment of PAYE and NIC.
Employers don’t pay the first £3,000 of employer’s National Insurance Contributions, provided the conditions are met (www.gov.uk/claim-employment-allowance). From April 2020 this allowance will be restricted to employers with a NI bill less that £100K.
There are instances where an organisation can pay individuals as self-employed individuals/contractors. However, the organisation has to consider off payroll working rules (information available via www.gov.uk/guidance/ir35-find-out-if-it-applies)
There are three main areas to consider in order to establish if an individual is employed or self-employed:
Who decides what, how, when and where the worker completes the work?
Can the worker send a substitute?
Mutuality of obligation
Is the employer obliged to offer work and is the worker obligated to accept it?
Outline of the rates applicable for payroll:
- Income tax: payable from gross wages at 20% at basic rate or 40% for higher income earners.
- NIC Employee: 12% or 2% for higher income earners
- NIC Employer: 13.8% payable by the organisation
- Pension by employee: 3%
- Pension by employer: 2%
For all of the above there are allowances, please see links below: